Launch Complex 39, John F. Kennedy Space Center
Merritt Island, Florida
Launch Complex 39 (LC-39) is a NASA launch site at John F. Kennedy Space Center originally used for Project Apollo. Designed to accommodate the 363-foot tall, 7,500,000-pound-force Saturn V launch vehicles, the complex originally consisted of two launch pads (LC-39A and LC-39B), the Vehicle Assembly Building, the Crawlerway, and the Launch Control Center. Launches from LC-39 began in November 1967 with Apollo 4 from LC-39A. All manned Apollo missions departed from LC-39A with the exception of Apollo 10, which used LC-39B. Following Project Apollo, NASA used LC-39 for launches related to the Apollo Applications Program from 1973 to 1975, the Space Shuttle program from 1981 to 2011, and the Constellation program in 2009. With the retirement of the Space Shuttle program, NASA looked for new uses for both LC-39 launch pads. In 2014, the agency awarded SpaceX, an aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company, an exclusive lease for LC-39A. NASA upgraded LC-39B, on the other hand, for use by the Space Launch System. In 2015, construction ended on a third launch pad, LC-39C, which is designed to accommodate small class vehicles.